For centuries every village and farm would possess a pond, they differ from to-days perception of what a pond is. If you asked what people believe a garden pond is they would probably say a “small area of water filled with a couple of gold fish and perhaps some water lilies”. This differs from what a pond was like 100 years ago. A pond was essential on farms and places where people lived. The water would be used by both animals and humans. With the introduction of mains water supply many ponds became unused and often were filled in or got neglected. This article is about how to plan to build a garden pond. With current land shortages and with the effects of pollution the natural environment of pond life is diminishing. To entice wildlife into their backyard many people build a pond.
The following is information about how to plan a garden pond The planning part of pond building is the most important thing that you need to do. Its well worth the investment in time to get it correct. You really do want to sit down with some pen and paper and decide what your finished pond ought to look like. The location is the most vital part of any pond planning. An ideal pond will necessitate no more than about five hours sunshine a day. If there is no ideal spot that is shaded from sunlight then you will need to locate your pond in the best available position and plan for better pond surface coverage with plants such as lilies. In countries that are cooler then the amount of direct sunlight exposed to the pond tends to get somewhat less important. place your pond where it can be seen so that it can become a focal point of your backyard.
A natural balance is more stable in larger ponds, and therfore much easier when maintaining a garden pond, the size is calculated from water volume. If you are limited to size in your backyard then to gain more water volume then you will have to either build a deeper pond or a raised pond. The size is dependant on how many and what size of fish you intend to stock it with. The depth must also be well below the normal water freezing point. During winter fish will spend most of the time in the deepest region of the pond. During the planning stage, work out the volume of the water and attempt to construct the pond to your measurements. You will need to know the water volume when adding water remedies.
A natural pond will have to be built at ground level to attract wild life like frogs newts and toads. Design the pond so that other animals like hedge hogs can climb out if they fall in. A good pond will have 3 areas, a shallow marshy, middle and deeper areas. This is ideal if goes around the whole circumference but this is often not practical for example if you want to create a waterfall. Where possible try and make the size of the shallow area about 20% of the total surface area of the pond. One way of gaining this is to feature a tiered pond design. Certain pond plants will only grow in shallow areas. The middle region should be deep enough for planting water lilies and must give plenty of room for your desired fish to swim freely. The final region will be to deeper area, as mentioned this is critical for fish survival in winter months, typically 20%-30% of the surface area. A natural looking pond will should have an oval-shaped appearance. It is thought that fish favor a rounded shape rather than a square shape, but there is very little evidence to support this opinion. The circle or oval shape will be the cheapest shape to make.
You should also consider a pond surround if you have small children.